Land-Based Wind Power


From sailing ships to using windmills for pumping water and grinding grain, humans have been harnessing the power of wind for thousands of years. Today’s modern wind turbines are used to generate clean, fuel-free electricity, and are a rapidly growing source of electricity across the U.S. and the world.

Grid-scale wind turbines work by using wind to turn propeller-like blades around a rotor. The rotor is connected to a main shaft, which spins a generator to create electricity. Grid-scale wind turbines are mounted on a tower 100 feet or more above ground.

In New York, we have 1,827 MW of wind energy, ranking the state thirteenth in the nation and powering the equivalent of over 364,000 average homes. Most of the wind turbines in New York were supported by the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), a 10 year policy that expired in 2016. With the State’s new Clean Energy Standard (CES) – created in 2016, wind energy development will help NY meet its goal to obtain 50% of all electricity used from renewable resources by 2030. There are about 4,800 MW of proposed wind projects in New York in various stages of environmental review and permitting.

Wind is free and inexhaustible, and a transition to wind energy will reduce our reliance on fossil fuels – oil, coal, and natural gas – that cause air pollution and contribute the carbon emissions that are causing global climate change. Across Upstate New York, win energy projects create jobs in their host communities and can provide taxes or payments in lieu of taxes (PILOTs), landowner lease payments, and neighbor royalty payments.


Making use of our full wind energy capacity, in combination with the development of other sources of renewable energy, will lead to a diversified energy portfolio that stabilizes prices.


See also: Offshore Wind